In the pre-covid era, people had to go to offices, schools, universities, factories, etc. so they had to pay attention there instead of using social media. In their spare time, they use social media as a source of entertainment.

Covid-19 more famously known as coronavirus has transposed many past methodologies and the world can now easily be divided into a pre-covid and pot-covid epoch. The crucial impacts and the change of interests and the boost in social media usage and some specific applications, under the cloud of various research, will be the topic of discussion here. The Facts and figures for this research have been taken from the various sites and research which highlight the usage and interests of various users. We will discuss the usage of social media in different age groups as well as in different gender, how the covid has revolutionized social media and what are its after-effects of it.

Social media can be an efficient source of information and an effective means for staying abreast of the vast amount of knowledge, especially during the Covid-19 era. During the Covid-19 era the use of social media increased as compared to the pre-covid era because the interest of people in social media applications, and entertainment increased because they have to overcome Covid anxiety so they use different social media applications for entertainment purposes.


Usage of internet inpre-covid era:

  • Before the era of covid-19 (pre-covid era), there were different social media applications that were used by different people.
  • In the year of 2018, almost 3.196 billion people throughout the world were using social media as a source of entertainment.
  • People use several social media channels more in 2018 than they did in 2017, including YouTube (63%), Instagram (61%), Snapchat (58%), and Facebook (52%).
  • Almost half of social media users (46%) prefer to access social media on mobile apps instead of laptops and computers.
  • Females use mobile applications to access social media(52%) whereas males prefer computer web browsers(33%)over mobile phones. Almost 78% of 18- to 24-year-olds use Snapchat, and the majority of users visit Snapchat multiple times per day. Similarly, 71% of people in this age group use Instagram and almost (45%) are Twitter users.
  • Facebook remains the most widely used social media platform 68% of adults are now Facebook users. Other than the video-sharing platform YouTube, none of the other sites or apps measured in this survey are used by more than 40% of people.

Usage of the internet in the covid era:

Social media was a powerful tool even before covid but the use and impact of social media have highly elevated in the covid era with an increase of 9-13 percent. Millions of people have joined social media during the covid era and there is a mass increase in the use of entertainment sites to cope up with leisure time. The trends have changed vigorously and now the world has inclined towards fast and short entertainments to deal with the spare time. IMF says that the current interests of the people show that there is no returning back from this point and the interests of people have come to a point where it seems impossible to revive pre covid era. Moreover, covid has also changed the gender-based use of social media and now the interest of women in social media has inclined a lot, especially towards websites like Facebook and ticktock.

 The graph given below explains the social media users from 2018 to 2021.

  • In 2018 the number of people who were using social media throughout the world was 3.196 billion which is 7% of the population.
  • Its usage will increase in 2019 to 3.48billion users which is 9% of the total population.
  • In 2020, there were 3.80 billion social media users.
  •  And finally, in 2021 these users will increase to 4.48 billion which is 13% of our total population.
  • This means that in the Covid era the interest of people in different social media applications increased and this percentage increased from 7% to 13%. This clearly means that in pandemic conditions the usage of social media increases so whenever another pandemic situation comes social media will again become the entertainment as well as knowledge source of people.


The conclusion of this research is that the world has been divided into pre covid and post covid eras. According to the above-mentioned information, in the pre-covid era, the number of social media users was about 3.16 billion and during the covid era, this number has increased and has been elevated to about 4.4 billion. This is the fastest increase in the number of users from the day social media evolved.

Covid changed the trend of usage of apps. Facebook and YouTube were the basic sources of entertainment during the pre-covid era but during the covid era, this interest has changed, and now tick-tock leads the market of interest with its users increased to about 516 percent in the covid era. Instagram, Twitter, and some other applications also showed increased usage.

Moreover, the incubation of people at home has led them to use social media for earning purposes, and also the trend of digitally gaining information has increased a lot.

Consequences of lifestyle on Human health – A naked Truth

Consequences of lifestyle on Human health – A naked Truth

Lifestyle is basically the behavior and daily basis characteristics or features of the individual in his different activities, job, home, society, and diet also. The way that the person can live is his or her lifestyle, now it could be either a healthy lifestyle or an unhealthy/poor lifestyle decided by his or her sleeping pattern, posture, the tendency of eating, physical activities, and so on. Your lifestyle can directly affect your health, physical as well as mental.

Effects of living an unhealthy lifestyle:

An unhealthy lifestyle includes:

  • Smoking
  • Drug abuse.
  • Unhealthy diet.
  • Lack of physical activity.
  • Stress.
  • Junk food.
  • Alcohol consumption.
  • Sedentary lifestyle.
  • Excessive use of technology.

Nowadays most people live unhealthy lifestyles due to which the disease rate is increasing day by day. People can fatigue easily while doing any work, everyone is facing headaches nowadays all the time, because of their unhealthy lifestyle.

Problems like:

  •  Cardiovascular diseases
  •  Metabolic disorders
  •  Obesity.
  •  Hypertension.
  •  Joint problems.
  •  Diabetes.
  •  Cancer.
  • Anxiety
  • Depression.

The above problems are most common amongst the people of our society, almost 2 members of every family are facing some disease and most common are anxiety and depression which is also common in our youth too because of their sedentary lifestyle.

  1. Excessive use of drugs without the doctor’s permission can cause many diseases like liver failure, heart failure, mental disorder, seizures, dementia, mental confusion, and so on, it might be termed drug abuse.
  2. Alcohol and smoking use lead to brain problems because it can slow down our nervous activity which in turn leads to anxiety and depression.
  3. A sedentary lifestyle affects the quality of life by increasing the risk of obesity, heart attack, hypertension, depression, anxiety, and aging can occur earlier.
  4. Excessive use of computers, laptops, or mobile phones can cause nerve compression injuries, diseases like carpal tunnel syndrome, ulnar nerve impingement, and so on.
  5. An unhealthy diet and eating excess junk food lead to obesity and hyperlipidemia which can further lead to atherosclerosis, which in turn causes heart attack, nervous disorders, and at the end causes death.
  6. If you are not doing a physical activity then it will lead to the hypomobility of your joints and you can not do functional activities easily while doing work you can fatigue easily.

Effects of living a healthy  lifestyle:

A healthy lifestyle includes:

  • A balanced and healthy diet
  • Regular exercise.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Quit alcohol consumption.
  • Adequate sleep for about 8 hours.
  • Hydration.
  • Do not use excessive drugs.
  • Live in a pollution-free environment.
  1. As we can discuss above, smoking and alcohol use leads to anxiety, aggression, and depression too, so if you are going to avoid smoking and alcohol, the chances of mental disorders will definitely be reduced as your brain becomes normal to its activity which was reduced by alcohol.
  2. Healthy diet intake supplies energy as well as nutrients to your body due to which the risk of many diseases will also reduce, your skin becomes fresher and the effect of aging will also be reduced.
  3. Regular exercise and physical activity keep you healthy and moving. When you are doing daily exercises, the chances of diseases will be reduced, your body weight will be managed, and your brain’s health will be improved.
  4. Do only moderate exercise daily for a healthy lifestyle and good health, because when you do vigorous exercise daily it may cause some impairment to your body and cause fatigue. So starting with moderate exercise like daily walking, and jogging, and then moving to some vigorous exercise can be very beneficial for a healthy lifestyle.


We have to prefer a healthy lifestyle over an unhealthy one. If we do this then we will decrease the chances of disease occurrence and will be able to live a healthy, satisfactory life.

If you want to live a healthy lifestyle you have to do exercise daily, eat healthy food like fruits, meat, eggs, and so on, quit smoking and alcohol consumption, and use plenty of water to become hydrated. In this way, you protect yourself from mental and physical disorders.

Air pollution – An ultimatum to human health

Air pollution – An ultimatum to human health

What is air pollution?

Air pollution is a type of air quality that can adversely affect human health. It is made up of airborne particles, most of which are microscopic in size, from gases, liquids, and solid particles.
The main sources of air pollution are automobiles, industry, and natural sources such as volcanoes.
Air pollutants can originate from a number of sources including exhaust fumes from cars and trucks, smog from factories and power plants, smoke from forests and agricultural fires, and dust from construction sites.

Air pollution has been linked to a wide variety of adverse health effects including asthma attacks, lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, premature death, reproductive problems in women, and mental health problems such as depression and anxiety.

What are the most harmful air pollutants?

The most harmful air pollutants are those that have the greatest impact on human health. The three main types of air pollutants are: ozone (smog), particulates (soot), and carbon dioxide (CO2). Ozone is the most harmful pollutant to human health because it can increase the risk of respiratory problems such as asthma attacks. Particulates matter is small enough to be breathed in and can cause serious health problems

The Sources of Air Pollution

Air pollution is a serious problem that needs to be addressed. It can have harmful effects on human health, including causing heart disease, cancer, and respiratory problems. There are a number of sources of air pollution, including automobiles, industry, and smoke from fires. In order to reduce the amount of air pollution in our environment, we need to take action on all of these sources.

The first step is to make sure that we are using cars and other transportation in an efficient way. We need to make sure that we are not allowing our cars to idle for long periods of time, and that we are not driving them too fast. We also need to make sure that we are not burning fossil fuels unnecessarily. This can be done by investing in renewable energy sources or by installing solar panels and wind turbines.

The industry is another major source of air pollution. We need to make sure that we are regulating businesses properly so that they do not cause too much air pollution. We also need to make sure that they are using clean technologies when it comes to production processes. Finally, we need to make sure that they are using proper disposal methods for their waste products.

One of the biggest sources of air pollution is

What are the health effects of air pollution?

Air pollution can be defined as “the combination of gases and particles that are released into the atmosphere from human activities” (CDC). Air pollution has been linked to a number of health concerns, including heart disease, stroke, COPD, cancer, and asthma. There are a number of different health effects of air pollution, but here we will focus on three key areas: respiratory health, cardiovascular health, and pregnancy.

Respiratory Health

Air pollution is a major contributor to respiratory illness, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma. Air pollution can aggravate existing conditions such as COPD or asthma and increase the risk of hospitalization or even death. In fact, air quality levels in some US cities have been linked to an increased risk of premature death from all causes by as much as 50%.

COPD is the leading cause of death in adults in the United States and is also the leading cause of illness-related disability. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), COPD is caused by breathing in pollutants such as dirt, dust, smoke, and fumes over long periods of time. Air pollutants also increase the risk for lung cancer

How can we reduce air pollution?

There are many ways to reduce air pollution, but the most effective way is to reduce the number of vehicles on the road. In fact, reducing the number of cars on the road is one of the most important things we can do to reduce air pollution.

Another way to reduce air pollution is to use energy more efficiently. For example, you can use energy-efficient lightbulbs and appliances. You can also avoid burning fossil fuels, which release pollutants into the air.

Finally, we need to reduce the amount of waste that we produce. We can do this by recycling materials and composting.


We need to take a stand against air pollution if we want to keep our human health in check. Air pollution is the leading environmental cause of death, and it’s getting worse. Every day, we’re exposed to more toxins than ever before. We need to act now if we want to see real change on this issue.